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Ecommerce Architecture

In the case of eCommerce, the entire concept is based on the client-server architecture, and in this case, the client can be an application that relies on a Graphical User Interface that keeps on sending requests to the server for different kinds of services. In this case, the server where the request is sent always acts as a service provider for the client. 

The business application in this case is deployed on a specific type of web server and it is the business application that provides the services. In the case of a client-server architecture, the machine can play the role of both a server and the client. 

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Ecommerce Architecture Models

  • Two-tier architecture

When it comes to building an ideal architecture of a website then you are always going to hear the word two-tier architecture. A two-tier architecture simply means that there are two different parts of the firm that run on different parts of the architecture. The first one is server-side and the second one is server-side. 

In this case, it is the client-side that manages the user interface but the entire database is stored on the server. And the client processes keep running on the other part. This helps the business to work in a seamless manner, especially from the customer’s point of view. So, we can say that all the application from the customer’s side keeps running on the computer of the customer and it keeps on collecting data that is necessary for the customer side. 

  • Three-tier architecture

There have been many cases where a simple two-tier architecture is never enough for the entire system to function ideally. This is where eCommerce firms start feeling the need for a three-tier system. In this type of system, one part is used for the business side.

There are three layers in the case of a three-tier architecture. The first layer is the presentation layer, the second layer is the business layer and the third and final layer is the data layer. The best part about these layers is they are independent of each other and they can keep running on different servers.

Every layer in the case of three-tier architecture is considered as an independent module and therefore they have separate maintenance and development as well.

The Ecommerce Application Architecture

The main function of a business application is always isolated just within the tiny business application objects and this is the main reason why the application logic can be easily changed and modified as per your wish. In the case of a client-server architecture, every business application object works within its own enclosed data structure and this data structure always corresponds to a particular type of database.

And when the business application objects start communicating, they start sending the data parameters as per the specification of the abstract interface instead of the whole database records. This type of approach in the case of client-server architecture helps in minimizing the network traffic. This means that in a client-server architecture, a programmer can always make presentation components and they mostly do this without being aware of the business application logic.

The Ecommerce Technology Stack

An ecommerce technology stack is a mix of platforms, tools, frameworks, programming language, and applications that are used for building a mobile application or a website. 

The two important parts of this ecosystem 

Front End 

Back End

Different types of technologies used for the front-end ecosystem of the eCommerce technology stack :

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A type of standard markup language that is used for making the documents that will be later shown on the web browser. HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language.

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It is a type of style sheet language and it aids in describing the presentation of a specific document that is written only in one of the available markup languages like HTML. CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets.

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One of the most famous front-end programming languages, it is used for appending interactivity into all the HTML pages that are static.

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It is a type of open-source runtime environment and it allows the development of both back-end and front-end solutions that are entirely based on JS.

Different types of frameworks and tools used for back-end ecosystem

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One of the most common programming languages, it is used for building seamless and highly versatile software solutions that embrace eCommerce apps.

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Web Server

A type of software that accepts requests from the users. After accepting the request, the server analyzes it and then offers an output of the specifically requested document back to the users who raised the request.

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One of the most important parts of the back-end ecosystem. It is the database that permits us to maintain and process different types of data points.

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A strategy that manages and handles data storage in the form of different units that are most commonly known as objects. These types of objects are usually stored in an isolated storehouse and they are never made a part of the files located inside the folders.

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Programming Languages

It uses different types of syntax for giving commands to a computer system in order to get the expected output. Ruby, Python, Java, PHP, Spring, Scala, Groovy on Grails

The instant availability of information, products, and instant communications make the eCommerce business extremely competitive. To be successful, you need to build a flexible eCommerce framework that can adapt to change.

The type of framework you choose, the type of architecture you select is going to set the path of success for your business. This is why you always need to be careful while making the final decision on the technology stack for the eCommerce platform.

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